Many Cloud Computing and Hosting Providers do exist today, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP) and Microsoft Azure.
Here you can rent Cloud based services like Virtual Machines (Computers with OS running in the Cloud), Web Server, Database Systems, etc. based on a monthly fee.
You could say Microsoft Azure is "Windows running in the Cloud".
The Video below gives an Introduction to Microsoft Azure:
Students and staff at the univerity can get free (but limited) access to Microsoft Azure through the Microsoft Azure Dev Tools for Teaching.
Below we see a practical example.
Cloud-based Data Logging, Monitoring and Analysis:
Azure Data Studio is a lightweight multi-platform (Windows, macOS and Linux) version of SQL Server Management Studio.
You can use it to create or manage your Databases created in Azure.
Read more about Microsoft SQL Server here.