Learning Web Technology is essential today because Internet has become the number one source to information, and many of the traditional software applications have become Web Applications. Web Applications have become more powerfull and can fully replace desktop application in most situations.
It all started with Internet (1960s) and the World Wide Web - WWW (1991). The first Web Browser, Netscape, came in 1994. This was the beggining of a new era, where everything is connected on internet, the socalled Internet of Things (IoT).
Video: Web Programming Overview:
To create a typical web page you need to combine 3 languages:
For creating more dynamic web pages, we typically also use a web framework like PHP or ASP.NET, etc. With these frameworks you can communicate with a database for storing or retrieving data.
HTML, or HyperText Markup Language is the visual appearance of a web site. You could say it is the language spoken by web browsers that makes it possible to see web contents in your web browser. All web browser understand HTML. HTML 5 is the latest. HTML is maintained by W3C - World Wide Web Consortium.
Video: HTML and CSS:
ASP.NET is a Web Framework for creating Web Pages ASP.NET is built on top of the .NET Framework
PHP is a server-side scripting language for web development. It is use to make dynamic and interactive web pages. PHP is an old and well-known technology, but it is still very popular and easy to learn. PHP is open source (free) and cross-platform. Espessially, the combination of PHP and MySQL is a powerful combination used to create rich, dynamic web pages.
Here you find information and resources for some popular database systems:
The term web server can refer to either the hardware (the computer) or the software (the computer application) that helps to deliver web content that can be accessed through the Internet.
The most common use of web servers is to host websites, but there are other uses such as gaming, data storage or running enterprise applications.
Here are some popular Web Servers:
LAMP is popular when it comes to Web Programming. LAMP consists of the following components:
Linux Operating System
Apache Web Server (Apache HTTP Server)
MySQL Database System
PHP Programming Language
All of these 4 components are open-source, which is one of the reasons for its popularity.
Below you find additional resources.
Safari Books Online - Lots of free books within Programming and Software Engineering. The university has a subscription, so you can use it for free!
Lynda.com - Video Resourses within Programming, etc. The university has a subscription, so you can use it for free!
Software Development and Enginnering Resources
Database Systems, Structured Query Language